Silk fabric is made from natural protein fibre (composed on fibroin) mainly produced by silkworms. The best form of silk is mostly obtained from cocoons of mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori larvae. While undergoing complete metamorphosis, the silkworm secrets huge amounts of fibroin-an insoluble liquid protein that hardens when exposed to air.
Fibroin in pushed through openings of the insect’s mouth to create a pair of continuous threads. The silkworm then secrets a bonding agent, known as sericin, that holds the filaments together. This results in a cocoon of silk which is harvested and separated from the pupae.
Characteristics of Silk
Silk comes with continuous yarns that make the strongest natural fabric:
- It has a smooth, soft texture.
- It’s lightweight and breathable.
- It’s highly lustrous and has excellent drapability.
- It has hypoallergenic properties i.e. it’s resistant to dust, mould, mites and mildew.
- Retains its shape and offers moderate resistance to shrinking.
- It is highly absorbent.
Types of Shirts Suitable For Using Silk
Silk’s low conductivity and high absorbency make the material warm and comfortable to wear. It is largely used in the manufacture of shirts, blouses, formal dresses, ties, pajamas, lingerie, dress suits, robes, sundresses and more.
Some of the major types of shirts the material is used to make include
- Dress shirts
- Performance shirts
- Dinner shirts
- Poet shirts
- Camp shirts
- Tunic and night shirts
There are other forms of shirts that can be made from silk like sleeveless shirts, half-shirts, halter tops and women’s blouses.
Types of Silk
Chiffon is a lightweight, see-through fabric that’s made from fine twisted yarns. Manufacturers usually create billows of fabric to add dimension to the garment. Garments made from chiffon (apart from scarves) may require lining or backing when wearing.
This type of silk features a shimmery satin weave on the front and a flattened crepe fabric back. One of the benefits of the fabric is that it drapes easily and can work well with scarves and blouses.
Crepe de Chine
Crepe de Chine is a type of fabric made from some silk fibres twisted in clockwise and other in an anti-clockwise manner. The fibres are basically woven in plain-weave fabric.
Some of the varieties of this silk fabric include Crepe de Chine, crepre georgette, Moroccan crepe and more. The twisted fibres are simply what make crepe de fabrics look and feel unique.
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